MAYIM AḤARONIM

MAYIM AḤARONIM
MAYIM AḤARONIM (Heb. מַיִם אַחֲרוֹנִים; lit. "latter waters"), term for the ritual washing of the hands after a meal, and before the recitation of the Grace After Meals. The twofold injunction "Sanctify yourselves and be ye holy" (Lev. 20:7) was interpreted as commanding ritual ablution both before the meal and before the recitation of the Grace After Meals (Ber. 53b). The amoraim even contended that mayim aḥaronim was more important than washing before the meal (Yoma 83b; Ḥul. 106a). According to the Talmud, the duty was particularly insisted upon in order to prevent the danger of touching one's eyes with the salt which was used as a condiment during the meal (Ḥul. 105b). Because the variety of salt referred to by Judah b. Ḥiyya\>\> in the Talmud was a particularly potent one (melaḥ sedomit, "salt of Sodom"), containing an admixture of the acrid potash of the Dead Sea, tosafot (ibid.) maintained that the duty did not apply in France, where this particular salt is not to be found. This view is contested, however, by the Shulḥan Arukh (OḤ 181:10). No blessing is said before the performance of mayim aḥaronim (Sh. Ar., OḤ 181:7).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AḤARONIM — (Heb. אַחֲרוֹנִים; lit. the later (authorities), a term used to designate the later rabbinic authorities, in contrast to the rishonim , the earlier authorities. Although scholars differ as to the exact chronological dividing line between the two …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ritual washing in Judaism — Part of Judaic series of articles on Ritual purity in Judaism   …   Wikipedia

  • Netilat Jadajim — Netilat Jadajim, die rituelle Waschung der Hände, ist neben der Tevila, dem Eintauchen des gesamten Körpers in einer Mikwe, eine von zwei verschiedenen Formen der rituellen Waschung im Judentum. Die ersten Aufzeichnungen über diese Praktiken… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Netilat Yadayim — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Netilat Jadajim, die rituelle Waschung der Hände, ist neben der Tevila, dem Eintauchen des gesamten Körpers in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SALT — Considered the most common and essential of all condiments, salt plays an essential role in Jewish life, ritual, and symbolism. It was plentiful in Ereẓ Israel, with inexhaustible quantities being found in the area of the Dead Sea. Its first… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HYGIENE — The conception of personal cleanliness as both a prerequisite of holiness and an aid to physical fitness is central to Jewish tradition. Many of the biblical commandments promote hygiene, though their stated intention was ritual purity rather… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BRENNER, JOSEPH ḤAYYIM — (1881–1921), Hebrew writer. A disciple of the psychology approach to literature and a writer of the uprooted generation, Brenner became a key figure of the school in modern Hebrew literature; he focused and ruthlessly exposed the anxieties, self… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RECANATI — RECANATI, Italian family, originally from spain , which produced scholars, physicians, merchants, and financiers. The name derives from the town of recanati . The family rose into special prominence in the 17th century, but earlier members of the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HEBREW LITERATURE, MODERN — definition and scope beginnings periodization …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISSERLES, MOSES BEN ISRAEL — (1525 or 1530–1572), Polish rabbi and codifier, one of the great halakhic authorities. His full family name, Isserel Lazarus was shortened to Isserles, but he is usually referred to as the Rema (acronym of Rabbi Moses Isserles). Isserles was born …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”